Pets can be not only a source of good mood, but also pose a real threat to their masters. We are talking about such a dangerous disease as toxoplasmosis. It is a parasitic disease that can be infected by both humans and animals. It is caused by toxoplasma (the simplest microorganisms), and its source is most often different types of mammals (cats, rabbits, rodents, etc.).
How can I get toxoplasmosis?
Human toxoplasma infection is most commonly found in domestic animals, in particular cats. Continue reading
Botulism is an acute toxic and infectious disease in which severe damage to the human nervous system occurs. The causative agent of botulism is in the intestine of animals, birds, fish, and from there it gets back to the soil and water. Bacteria of botulism, called anaerobes, live exclusively in places where there is no air, and therefore badly washed, uncleaned, hermetically packaged food is extremely dangerous.
The main danger of botulism is that the toxin blocks the respiratory function of a person, the lack of oxygen provokes the disruption of the work of all internal organs. Botulinum toxin is the most potent biological poison in the world, it is hundreds of thousands times more dangerous than poison, for example, rattlesnake. However, it quickly loses its harmful properties during heating and boiling. Continue reading
Today in Yemen, the epidemic of cholera rages, the world health system headed by the WHO pays a lot of attention to this problem. This fact raises the question of what cholera is, why it is real in the XXI century and whether it is dangerous for the people of Ukraine?
Cholera: What is this illness, what are its symptoms and consequences?
Cholera is an acute, especially dangerous, infectious disease. In a short period of time, it can infect a significant number of people, causing the whole epidemic, with mortality from it reaching 50% in the absence of adequate treatment. According to WHO statistics, every year in the world 1.3 to 4 million cases of infection with cholera are recorded, with dying from 21 to 143 thousand people. Continue reading
In the summer, in the midst of the summer season, you need to be especially careful when taking time to take preventive measures to prevent infection with a dangerous disease like tetanus. This is an acute, deadly infectious disease, which is characterized by damage to the nervous system, a very likely fatal outcome. Tetanus bacillus enters the human body through mechanical damage to the skin and mucous membranes, so you should be careful during active country work.
How can you get tetanus?
The causative agent of tetanus is the spore-forming bacteria Clostridium tetani. They are resistant to disinfection, can be in the soil, on different objects. At one place these bacteria can persist for about 100 years. They are waiting for favorable conditions and are transformed into vegetative forms that produce an extremely dangerous poison. Continue reading
Meningitis is one of the most dangerous diseases. Untreated meningitis (inflammatory process in the meninges) leads to disability and even death. Germs, viruses, fungi can cause inflammation in the membranes of both the brain and spinal cord. The most commonly diagnosed are bacterial and viral meningitis. Children are more susceptible to this infectious disease, since their immune systems are weaker than in adults: the last case of meningitis, a 5-year-old baby, which was never saved, was diagnosed last month in Kiev.
Why is the topic of the incidence and prevention of meningitis relevant
Meningitis is dangerous because its first symptoms resemble flu. Continue reading