Whooping cough is an infectious disease in which the upper respiratory tract becomes inflamed and there is a strong, long-lasting, paroxysmal cough. The disease is usually acute, it is extremely dangerous for young children (especially under the age of 1 year). Most often, whooping cough is ill for children under 5 years of age who were not vaccinated in time.
The causative agent of pertussis is the bacterium Bordetella pertussis, infection occurs through airborne droplets. The bacterium secretes toxins, and they, in turn, irritate the respiratory mucosa. The result is a spasm of the bronchi and diaphragm, which leads to strong coughing attacks. Whooping cough is very contagious, especially during contact with patients from day 1 to day 25 of the disease. It is noteworthy that the immunity after suffering whooping cough is often lifelong.
Symptoms of the disease Continue reading
Today in Yemen, the epidemic of cholera rages, the world health system headed by the WHO pays a lot of attention to this problem. This fact raises the question of what cholera is, why it is real in the XXI century and whether it is dangerous for the people of Ukraine?
Cholera: What is this illness, what are its symptoms and consequences?
Cholera is an acute, especially dangerous, infectious disease. In a short period of time, it can infect a significant number of people, causing the whole epidemic, with mortality from it reaching 50% in the absence of adequate treatment. According to WHO statistics, every year in the world 1.3 to 4 million cases of infection with cholera are recorded, with dying from 21 to 143 thousand people. Continue reading
Meningitis is one of the most dangerous diseases. Untreated meningitis (inflammatory process in the meninges) leads to disability and even death. Germs, viruses, fungi can cause inflammation in the membranes of both the brain and spinal cord. The most commonly diagnosed are bacterial and viral meningitis. Children are more susceptible to this infectious disease, since their immune systems are weaker than in adults: the last case of meningitis, a 5-year-old baby, which was never saved, was diagnosed last month in Kiev.
Why is the topic of the incidence and prevention of meningitis relevant
Meningitis is dangerous because its first symptoms resemble flu. Continue reading