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Whooping cough: what is this disease and how to avoid it
Whooping cough is an infectious disease in which the upper respiratory tract becomes inflamed and there is a strong, long-lasting, paroxysmal cough. The disease is usually acute, it is extremely dangerous for young children (especially under the age of 1 year). Most often, whooping cough is ill for children under 5 years of age who were not vaccinated in time.
The causative agent of pertussis is the bacterium Bordetella pertussis, infection occurs through airborne droplets. The bacterium secretes toxins, and they, in turn, irritate the respiratory mucosa. The result is a spasm of the bronchi and diaphragm, which leads to strong coughing attacks. Whooping cough is very contagious, especially during contact with patients from day 1 to day 25 of the disease. It is noteworthy that the immunity after suffering whooping cough is often lifelong.
Symptoms of the disease Continue reading
Prevention of infectious diseases: how to protect yourself and your family
Many of the diseases that cause viruses, fungi or bacteria that have entered our bodies can be simply avoided. For example, intestinal infections most often affect people due to non-compliance with basic hygiene rules. It is more complicated with airborne microorganisms: nobody is insured against flu or ORVI. But, knowing and observing uncomplicated disease prevention measures, one can minimize the risk of infection.
What diseases belong to infectious
Diseases that cause infectious bacteria to enter the body are dealt with by infectiology. An infectious disease itself is the body’s response to an alien microorganism or virus entering it. Continue reading
How to strengthen the immune system and why do we need immunity
March 1 is not only the beginning of spring, but also World Immunity Day. This day was chosen by the world community not by chance: after all, with the onset of spring, the functions of a weakened immune system are not working at full capacity. Understanding what the immune system is, how it works, why it is for a person, we will be more motivated to strengthen the immune system.
How does the human immune system Continue reading