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In patients with pneumonia, the “classic” history of the disease: caught a cold, was treated, began to recover, but … The temperature returned, the cough, shortness of breath appeared. It is very important not to miss the beginning of the development of the disease and to diagnose the disease in time.
How not to miss the development of pneumonia? What is the danger of this ailment and is it necessary, if pneumonia is suspected, a chest X-ray is performed? Let’s see.
What types of pneumonia are
Pneumonia (pneumonia) is an infection of the lungs. There are several types of disease: bacterial pneumonia, viral, atypical (the disease is caused by so-called “atypical” pathogens – chlamydia, etc.), fungal. About half of the cases of pneumonia are caused by viruses. There are viral pneumonia on the background of the cold season and under the influence of the same viruses that cause influenza and ARVI. Children are more prone to this type of disease. Continue reading
Whooping cough is an infectious disease in which the upper respiratory tract becomes inflamed and there is a strong, long-lasting, paroxysmal cough. The disease is usually acute, it is extremely dangerous for young children (especially under the age of 1 year). Most often, whooping cough is ill for children under 5 years of age who were not vaccinated in time.
The causative agent of pertussis is the bacterium Bordetella pertussis, infection occurs through airborne droplets. The bacterium secretes toxins, and they, in turn, irritate the respiratory mucosa. The result is a spasm of the bronchi and diaphragm, which leads to strong coughing attacks. Whooping cough is very contagious, especially during contact with patients from day 1 to day 25 of the disease. It is noteworthy that the immunity after suffering whooping cough is often lifelong.
Symptoms of the disease Continue reading
Hemophilic infection is an infection caused by a type B bacillis, hence it has another name – Hib (abbreviation for Haemophilus influenzae type b). This infection can be the cause of many acute illnesses that lead to severe consequences or even death.
Hemophilic infection affects mainly the respiratory organs, the central nervous system, provokes purulent cells in various organs. The bacterium is localized in the nasopharynx and transmitted by airborne droplets. A person can only be a carrier and a transmitter of the disease, without being personally ill. Bacteria Hibs present in the nasopharynx about 75% of completely healthy children and adults.
What diseases causes a hemophilic infection? Continue reading