In patients with pneumonia, the “classic” history of the disease: caught a cold, was treated, began to recover, but … The temperature returned, the cough, shortness of breath appeared. It is very important not to miss the beginning of the development of the disease and to diagnose the disease in time.
How not to miss the development of pneumonia? What is the danger of this ailment and is it necessary, if pneumonia is suspected, a chest X-ray is performed? Let’s see.
What types of pneumonia are
Pneumonia (pneumonia) is an infection of the lungs. There are several types of disease: bacterial pneumonia, viral, atypical (the disease is caused by so-called “atypical” pathogens – chlamydia, etc.), fungal. About half of the cases of pneumonia are caused by viruses. There are viral pneumonia on the background of the cold season and under the influence of the same viruses that cause influenza and ARVI. Children are more prone to this type of disease. Continue reading
A serious illness that can develop in the body imperceptibly for the person himself can be “declared” by a slightly increased body temperature. Low-grade fever (37-37.5 ° C) can last for several weeks or months, but does not bother the person. Meanwhile, subfebrile condition can be a symptom of a sluggish inflammatory process or a serious disease.
Body temperature: norm and deviation
So what is the norm and deviation from it, if we are talking about the temperature of the human body? The classic normal temperature of a healthy person is 36.6 ° C. However, these indicators are not always stable and may change under the influence of a number of factors. And this does not mean that something is wrong with you. Temperatures can vary from 35.5 to 37.4 ° C due to the influence of climate, biological rhythms, and time of day. Continue reading
Whooping cough is an infectious disease in which the upper respiratory tract becomes inflamed and there is a strong, long-lasting, paroxysmal cough. The disease is usually acute, it is extremely dangerous for young children (especially under the age of 1 year). Most often, whooping cough is ill for children under 5 years of age who were not vaccinated in time.
The causative agent of pertussis is the bacterium Bordetella pertussis, infection occurs through airborne droplets. The bacterium secretes toxins, and they, in turn, irritate the respiratory mucosa. The result is a spasm of the bronchi and diaphragm, which leads to strong coughing attacks. Whooping cough is very contagious, especially during contact with patients from day 1 to day 25 of the disease. It is noteworthy that the immunity after suffering whooping cough is often lifelong.
Symptoms of the disease Continue reading