“Caught” tick: how to remove an insect without harm to health
Camping, unfortunately, often spoils insects – especially ticks. This year they are especially active and dangerous: ixodic ticks that live in Ukraine are carriers of tick-borne borreliosis or Lyme disease. Diseases are extremely dangerous and, if untreated, can cause disability and even lead to death. Tick-borne encephalitis in our area is an extremely rare phenomenon, but, nevertheless, it is worth being alert.
If a tick stuck: how to remove it correctly
When a tick gets on the human body and sucks, the insect injects “its” viruses and bacteria into the human blood during the day. Therefore, it is important to remove the tick as soon as possible. But it must be done correctly. Doctors recommend not to do this on their own, but to come to the emergency room or other medical facility, where the tick will be removed by professionals. Immediately the insect will be taken for analysis and for infectious diseases. But if to render professional medical care to a person affected by a tick is now impossible, and as time goes on, then you need to remove the tick yourself. This requires tweezers:
Initially, you need to capture the tick as close as possible to the skin, where it stuck
We take out his slow rectilinear twisting movement
Then the wound must be treated with a disinfectant, wash hands
Do not kill the tick and do not throw it away – put it in a jar and then give it to the laboratory.
What not to do with a tick bite
Common tips to anoint the tick with oil will only hurt: the tick will not fall away from it. Also very important:
Do not press on the tick, so as not to crush
Do not pull or pull an insect, as they often do, as a result, the tick’s head comes off and remains in the skin
Do not apply to the insect not only oil, but any other means – alcohol, ether, etc.
After a tick is examined in a laboratory, experts will tell you the results of the analysis. If borrelia is found in the tick, bacteria causing lyme disease (tick-borne borreliosis), a course of antibacterial drugs will be prescribed to the victim. When tick-borne encephalitis virus is detected, administration of a special immunoglobulin is prescribed.
How to protect yourself from tick attacks
Going into nature, “arm yourself” with insecticides – means for scaring ticks and other insects. Just do not forget to wash your hands after applying such funds to the skin. It is also important to choose the right clothes: going to the forest, make sure that the trousers are tucked into socks, the sleeves of the shirt are long and fit snugly to the body.
After outdoor recreation, carefully inspect each other at home, inspect the clothes periodically on top of each other during a picnic or a walk. Ticks can also be brought into the house along with bouquets of wildflowers, insects also hit pets. Therefore, be sure to inspect your cat, dog, etc. after a walk.