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Diphtheria: what you need to know about the disease
Diphtheria and diphtheria toxin
Diphtheria is an acute infectious disease, which is very dangerous to life. This is a severe inflammation of the upper respiratory tract (in most cases), eyes, skin. The main threat during this illness is not inflammation, but the toxin produced by the causative agent of diphtheria, which causes the damage to the cardiovascular and nervous system.
Diphtheria is caused by bacteria, the so-called diphtheria sticks, the disease is transmitted by airborne droplets, much less often – through household items.
Diphtheritic toxin has a very negative effect on the myocardium, developing myocarditis, as well as it can provoke an infectious-toxic shock, a general intoxication of the body, severe disorders in the work of the nervous system. Continue reading
“Caught” tick: how to remove an insect without harm to health
Camping, unfortunately, often spoils insects – especially ticks. This year they are especially active and dangerous: ixodic ticks that live in Ukraine are carriers of tick-borne borreliosis or Lyme disease. Diseases are extremely dangerous and, if untreated, can cause disability and even lead to death. Tick-borne encephalitis in our area is an extremely rare phenomenon, but, nevertheless, it is worth being alert.
If a tick stuck: how to remove it correctly
When a tick gets on the human body and sucks, the insect injects “its” viruses and bacteria into the human blood during the day. Continue reading
Summer without hepatitis A: jaundice prevention
Jaundice (Botkin’s disease) or hepatitis A is a seasonal disease. It is in the summer and early autumn that infectious disease specialists report outbreaks of jaundice. Hepatitis has several types, but today we will talk about hepatitis A, which, unlike other types of the disease, is transmitted through dirty hands, unwashed vegetables or fruits, water, etc. (fecal-oral route of infection). It is in the summer, in the season of mass outdoor recreation, bathing, walking, picnics, fresh vegetables and fruits, the risk of jaundice increases.
Symptoms of Hepatitis A: What Dangerous Disease Continue reading