In patients with pneumonia, the “classic” history of the disease: caught a cold, was treated, began to recover, but … The temperature returned, the cough, shortness of breath appeared. It is very important not to miss the beginning of the development of the disease and to diagnose the disease in time.
How not to miss the development of pneumonia? What is the danger of this ailment and is it necessary, if pneumonia is suspected, a chest X-ray is performed? Let’s see.
What types of pneumonia are
Pneumonia (pneumonia) is an infection of the lungs. There are several types of disease: bacterial pneumonia, viral, atypical (the disease is caused by so-called “atypical” pathogens – chlamydia, etc.), fungal. About half of the cases of pneumonia are caused by viruses. There are viral pneumonia on the background of the cold season and under the influence of the same viruses that cause influenza and ARVI. Children are more prone to this type of disease. Continue reading
Tuberculosis of bones is a disease of the musculoskeletal system of a person, which is characterized by the progressive destruction of bones. This disease leads to anatomical and functional disorders of the affected parts of the skeleton. Bovine tuberculosis is the most common form of tuberculosis after pulmonary tuberculosis. Often, the pathological process develops in the spine, but occurs in other parts of the musculoskeletal system.
Development of bone tuberculosis and its causes
The tuberculosis wand penetrates the spongy bone divisions and causes the primary cell (aphtha) that spreads to the joints and surrounding tissues and causes their destruction. Continue reading
Diphtheria and diphtheria toxin
Diphtheria is an acute infectious disease, which is very dangerous to life. This is a severe inflammation of the upper respiratory tract (in most cases), eyes, skin. The main threat during this illness is not inflammation, but the toxin produced by the causative agent of diphtheria, which causes the damage to the cardiovascular and nervous system.
Diphtheria is caused by bacteria, the so-called diphtheria sticks, the disease is transmitted by airborne droplets, much less often – through household items.
Diphtheritic toxin has a very negative effect on the myocardium, developing myocarditis, as well as it can provoke an infectious-toxic shock, a general intoxication of the body, severe disorders in the work of the nervous system. Continue reading